May 10, 2017 nigeria is made up of several ethnic groups, majority of which are the igbo, hausa and the yoruba. In nigeria, conflict between ethnic groups led to a. Other nigerian tribes apart from the ones listed constitute a smaller percentage of. Other major ethnic groups of the north are the nupe, tiv, and kanuri. Nigeria is found in west africa and borders benin, chad, cameroon, and niger. Nigeria is located in western africa with a population of over 180 million people as of 2016.
The explanations for the continuity of powersharing in nigeria are based on the powercentered perspective of the path dependence framework. Create marketing content that resonates with prezi video. We hope to answer any question you might have about nigeria tribes here. Nigeria is made up of several ethnic groups, majority of which are the igbo, hausa and the yoruba. The numerically and politically major ethnic groups are the composite hausafulani, the yoruba, and the igbo. Haram in northern nigeria, while danjibo 2009 attempts a comparative evaluation of the maitatsine and boko haram crises in northern nigeria as manifestations of islamic fundamentalism and sectarian violence in nigeria. Nigeria is one of the major democracies in african continent. However, this has brought a lot of rivalries among the ethnic groups in nigeria resulting into violence and.
It is therefore trite to handle it with utmost caution and. Recent statistics has shown that there is over 500 different tribes in nigeria. We show that their cultures, values, tradition and belief systems are as rich as the big 3. These three hegemonic ethnic groups constituted 57. Hausa and fulani 29%, yoruba 21%, igbo ibo 17%, ijaw 10%, kanuri 4%, ibibio 3. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 federal capital territory, where the capital, abuja, is located.
Sep 14, 2015 nigeria is africas most populous country and has one of the largest aggregation of ethnic groups in africa. Ethnic differentials in underfive mortality in nigeria. The following is a nonexhaustive list of ethnic groups in nigeria. Pages in category ethnic groups in nigeria the following 107 pages are in this category, out of 107 total. In addition, the only study that reported prevalence by geopolitical zone was the national survey by murthy, g et al 73. The predominant racial group is west african negroid. Mar 10, 2010 violence among muslim and christian ethnic groups was largely kept in check by a succession of military regimes until 1999, when nigeria returned to civilian rule. The major ethnic groups are the hausafulani of the north, the yoruba of the southwest, and the igbo of the southeast.
Violence among muslim and christian ethnic groups was largely kept in check by a succession of military regimes until 1999, when nigeria returned to civilian rule. Ethnic politics and democratic consolidation in nigeria. This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. Jan 14, 2010 the types of ethnic groups that we have in nigeria.
Nigeria mali burkina faso benin c a m e r o o n libya map no. Nigeria has over 250 ethnic groups, the most populous and politically. The coming together of different ethnic groups gave birth to the nation called nigeria today. Bauchi, borno, niger,taraba, jigawa, kaduna, kano, kastina, kebbi, sokoto with. Causes of ethnic conflict in nigeria are many but we will focus on primary ones that government should deal with to stop the menace at once. A federal government demographic survey in 1976 identified 394 language groups, one put it as high as 400 with the highest density of languages in taraba and adamawa states. Ethnic group the two largest and most popular ethnic groups in northern nigeria are the hausa and fulani.
Nigeria as one of the developing countries in the world is one of the countries where ethnic pluralism is well pronounced. There are more than 300 nigerian tribes and among the largest include hausafulani, yoruba, igbo, ijaw, kanuri, annang, tiv, ibibio, etsako and efik. Across nigeria, the inability of the police and judiciary to protect citizens has prompted the establishment of vigilante groups and militias by ethnic or religious communities. Large population and diverse culture, despite this nigeria, stand united. List of 371 ethnic groups in nigeria culture 8 nairaland. Apr 05, 2007 despite being home to somewhere between 250 and 400 ethnic groups, nigeria is primarily made up of four main ethnic groups hausa, fulani, igbo and yoruba that comprise about 60 percent of. The country has more than two hundred and fifty 250 different ethnic groups whose cultures and values vary widely. Niger niger 0 100 200 300 km 0 100 200 mi the boundaries and names shown and the designations. Boko haram is a radical islamist movement shaped by its nigerian context and reflecting. Nigeria has been referred to as the giant of africa, due to the large population and distinct economic achievements in comparison to countries that surround this land.
List of 371 ethnic groups in nigeria culture 8 nigeria. Nairaland forum nairaland general culture list of 371 ethnic groups in nigeria 51483 views list of the over 80 ethnic groups in ethiopia 30 interesting facts about some nigerian minority ethnic groups minority ethnic groups in nigeria and language extinction. Demographics of nigeria mcgill university school of. The next generation nigeria task force is convened. Ethnic groups in nigeria, their languages and states. Kamwe adamawa state and borno state republic of cameroon name of ethnic group state abayon. Nigeria an overview of challenges to peace and security. This paper is a survey of the current situation of minority ethnic groups in nigeria. This study therefore builds on earlier works already done in the field of boko haram insurgency in nigeria. Nigerian ethnic groups and their languages archives oldnaija.
Managing ethnic and cultural diversity for national. The two largest ethnic groups are the hausa and fulani. It is also a speech community with not only the indigenous languages. These three hegemonic ethnic groups are popularly referred to by the generic term wazobia 1. Our officials are individuals with a high level of commitment to the community. Department of political science and international relations, covenant university, p. Sep 17, 2017 we hope to answer any question you might have about nigeria tribes here. They are guided by two analytical premises drawn from observed empirical processes of powersharing in nigeria. Within these ethnic groups are several tribes numbering 371. Its coast in the south is located on the gulf of guinea in the atlantic ocean. In the intense religious and ethnic turmoil of contemporary nigeria, the specific situation of the numerous ethnic minorities in the country is hardly mentioned.
The distribution of hypertension differed highly significantly across ethnic groups in nigeria. Other mobile communities in nigeria facing social exclusion. Nigeria abstract the phenomenon of ethnic militia and insurgency has become a household discussion in nigeria. Nigeria, africas most populous country, is composed of more than 250 ethnic groups definition. Media in category maps of ethnic groups in nigeria the following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. The niger delta region is the largest ethnic group in the southsouth nigeria. In terms of nigeria s major ethnic groups, the hausa ethnic group predominant in the north was found to be 95% muslim and 5% christian, the yoruba tribe predominant in the west was 55% muslim, 35% christian and 10% adherents of other religions, while the igbos predominant in the east and the ijaw south were 98% christian, with 2%. Vigilantism gained a particularly high profile in nigerias southeastern states when, during the first term of obasanjos. There are different identities and segments in this society. While a region within the country has as high as 222 underfive deaths per live births, the rate is as low as 89 per live births in another region. Nigeria s large number of ethnic groups, inequalities among them in size, resource endowment, education and access to state power and resources, her highly developed and factionalized indigenous bourgeoisie, makes her ethnic situation perhaps the most complicated in africa.
History shows that religious intolerance was the cause of the riot that took place in kano on may 1, 1953 which began a series of violent attacks against nonmuslims in the country. To promote and preserve some of these ethnic groups whose history has shaped nigeria, jovago identifies 5 ethnic groups aside from the big three. Within these groups, there are minor groups with different languages, culture and lifestyle. The population is roughly balanced between muslims and christians with a small minority of those who practice indigenous beliefs. Because of strong religious and ethnic hostility, some. Nigeria is home to communities of people who are discriminated against as non.
The full list of ethnic groups in nigeria, their culture, languages, states, and region they can be found. Nigeria is a country in west africa, that shares borders with niger republic in the north, chad on the southeast side, cameroon republic on the east, and the republic of benin to the west. Some nigerian ethnic groups and their dressing styles. Just as we have many authors, so we have several definitions of the concept.
Among those people are over 250 ethnic groups and tribes, each with their own culture and traditions. Based on lingual classification, nigeria is said to have about 250 ethnic groups. List of over 350 ethnic groups in nigeria and the states they are found. Religious bigotry between christians and moslems is one of the key causes of ethnic conflict in nigeria. Nigeria is africas most populous country and has one of the largest aggregation of ethnic groups in africa. As nigeria experiences a new democratic drive with the rising spate of insecurity, pundits believe this has ethnic as well as political undertone but dressed in boko haram garment. Ethnic groups and conflicts ethnic group means different things to different people. Some nigerian ethnic groups and their dressing styles pictures by lordave.
Nigerias majority and minority ethnic groups developed in this political hothouse from the early 1950s. These groups has over the years promoted humanitarian crises ranging from refugee, poverty, misery, diseases, malnutrition and epidemics mainly concerning the health of children and women thereby inhibiting the process of. Vigilantism gained a particularly high profile in nigerias southeastern states when. Nigeria is a nation with a wide variety of religion, language and culture.
The hausa came around years ago and started trading centers and kingdoms. Hausa is the biggest tribe in nigeria they are the major inhabitants of about 10 states in nigeria which includes. In the same vein, akindele and adegbite 1999, submit that due to the existence of various ethnic groups in nigeria with over 400 languages, nigeria is therefore a multilingual and multicultural speech community where diverse languages and cultures compete. This has culminated in mutual distrust and suspicion as. Nigeria has about 374 ethnic groups that are broadly divided into ethnic majorities and ethnic minorities. Nonnegroid racial types include the fulani fulbe, of mediterranean extraction, who are widely dispersed. Nigeria is a mosaic of many ethnolinguistic groups, some large, many very small indeed, altogether numbering about 250. Follow report log in to add a comment answer expert verified 2. In november 20, the nigerian groups boko haram and ansaru were classified. While democracy permits greater freedom of religious expression in nigeria, it has also intensified the political and economic friction between ethnic groups. Current prevalence pattern of hypertension in nigeria. Despite being home to somewhere between 250 and 400 ethnic groups, nigeria is primarily made up of four main ethnic groups hausa, fulani, igbo and yoruba that comprise about 60 percent of. The purest lineage is now found in the southeastern forest belt, but negroid stock forms the basic substratum throughout most of nigeria.
There are more than 300 nigerian tribes and among the largest include hausafulani, igbo, yoruba, ijaw, kanuri, annang, tiv, ibibio, etsako, and efik. State department formed a nigeria planning and operations group. The yoruba people are predominant in the southwest. The different ethnic groups soon became connected because there were lots of marriages between them. Kamwe adamawa state and borno state republic of cameroon name of ethnic group state abayon cross river state. About 200 years after, the fulani came to northern nigeria. Stabilizing northeast nigeria after boko haram carnegie. There are huge regional disparities in underfive mortality in nigeria. According to wikipedia an ethnic group or ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other based on common language, ancestral, social. Ethnic structure, inequality and governance of the public. Media in category ethnic groups in nigeria the following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. It is important however to remember that this nation came into being not by.382 565 861 1275 1058 1439 1121 820 842 623 344 72 1302 218 1636 969 829 1235 869 62 437 1014 700 258 799 1279 608 815 1157 472 269