Variations in the spoken form the regional variations in english in nigeria are embedded mainly in the spoken form of the language. The exact date that english language usage started in nigeria is not certain. History of english language in nigeria through civilization. French and english, and japan where a single language is used for all activities. The status of english in nigeria and the world nicom iplan. English has become a second language in nigeria, while pidgin english, with probably the largest number of speakers, has also emerged as a result of the contact of english with the indigenous languages nigeria, no doubt, is a nation that has witnessed a crosscurrent of. However, it is believed that the first intimate contact between the british and some ethnic groupings in nigeria was in southern nigeria. Reading comprehensions with references to nigeria this section lists reading comprehensions on with references to nigeria. There is the government policy concerning domains of language use in the constitution of the federal republic of nigeria 1979, and the national policy on education 1977, 1985, 2004. The history of english language in nigeria has started many years ago.
English has been one of the major languages in the world. Pdf an appraisal of spoken english language in nigeria. This must have been at some period before the atlantic slave trade. The early history of english in west africa and its gradual replacement of negroportuguese as the language of trade and. Abstract in the present day nigeria, the quality of the english language spoken by nigerians, is perceived to have been deteriorating and needs urgent attention. Reflections on linguistic interference and the impact of language policy and politics on minority languages emmanuel aito university of regina introduction known for its extreme linguistic diversity elugbe 1994, nigeria is home to. Nigeria simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Unfortunately, many nigerians cant speak english correctly. Siemens and the nigerian government have signed an implementation agreement for the nigeria electrification roadmap. It is chosen to be the official language partially because people of some parts speak english because of the colonies ruled by the british which came to an end in the year 1960. Nigeria is known for being a large country, and one of the richest in africa. English especially the variety known as nigerian pidgin english functions as a lingua franca in this multilingual country. Additionally, loanwords and collocations have emerged from the native languages of nigeria, which come from the.
The geography ranges from southern coastal swamps to tropical forests, woodlands, grasslands, and semidesert in the north. English is the official language of nigeria, a former british protectorate. Tackling the challenges of teaching english language as. Adequate mastery of english language is a prerequisite for migrating and studying in most institution in the western world. Nigeria can do international businesses because we have english as our official language. Ed sociology of education senior lecturer foundations department, college of. Japanese textile shipments to nigeria, for example, had risen to more than 11 million square yards in 1933 where they were priced well below their british counterparts.
Unit, emmanuel alayande college of edu, oyo abstract. The language came with colonialism in the midnineteenth century. Nigeria survey nigeria dhs, 2018 language english recommended citation national population commission npcnigeria and icf. Even usage of english in nigeria is another good evidence of the influence of language on social cohesion. A general observation in the nigerian classrooms today is that spoken language has not been accorded the recognition it rightly deserves. Pdf the functions of english in nigeria from the earliest. History of english language in nigeria english is the official language in nigeria was made so to unite the country linguistically and culturally. Currently, english is the official language in most african countries, which are the former colonies of great britain. However, a variety of english called the nigerian pidgin has developed to accommodate the heterogeneous nature of the populace. Problem facing learners of english in nigeria in 2019 legit. Basically, nigerian english ne can be said to be a form of english that is native to nigeria. We operate a predatory, neocolonial capitalist system, which is founded.
An email will be sent to you when the community has answered your request. University of lagos, nigeria nigerian english usage and the tyranny of faulty analogy iii. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. A good percentage of this population is not yet literate and therefore may not communicate fluently in the standard nigeria english. History and importance of english language in nigeria. Hence, english nigeria has come to brigde the gap between our mother tongue and the queens language through extensive teaching and practical tips on how to ace ielts, tofel, pte, sat and gre. As a result, some words of american english origin have made it into the nigerian english. English might be the official language, but in a country with well over 250 other local languages, pidgin was developed to aid communication among people from different parts of the country, as well as between locals and europeans. Nigeria survey nigeria dhs, 2018 language english recommended citation national population commission npc nigeria and icf. One of the ways through which feedback can be obtained from the learners on what the teachers had taught them is evaluation. English translation of nigeria the official collins italianenglish dictionary online. When native english speakers try to characterise nigerian english it is clear that their personal perceptions play an important role in determining which lexical items or usages are distinctive. English translation of nigeria collins spanishenglish.
It is being taught in schools from the prenursery down to the tertiary institutions. The taxonomy of nigerian varieties of spoken english academic. This role falls on the english language which is the nations official and second language, as well as her lingua franca. History of english language in nigeria and top 10 uses problems. These may or may not actually be related to nigeria. Nigeria is the most populous cou ntry in africa, the second biggest economy, the third largest military power and the biggest oil producer 10th oil producer in the world. Incest narratives in 1990s literary and pop culture, eli w. The nativization and development of nigerian english correspond with the period of colonization and postcolonization by britain. The causes of poor performance in english language among senior secondary school students in dutse metropolis of jigawa state, nigeria 1tata umar saad, 2rabiu usman 1nce, b. Sep 10, 2014 nigeria is a land of rich cultures, stunning artistic achievement and industrious and resourceful people. Reflections on linguistic interference and the impact of language policy and politics on minority languages emmanuel aito university of regina introduction known for its extreme linguistic diversity elugbe 1994, nigeria is home to languages numbering about 400.
It may be debateable whether there is already a subdiscipline. We have also included the subjects, book names, publishers as well as the authors. Nigeria borders niger in the north, chad in the northeast, cameroon in the east, and benin in the west. But it managed to affect the nigerian culture so much that people can still see its influence. The english language of the nigeria police udo victoria chinwe general studies unit, tansian university, umunya, anambra state, nigeria. Here you can request a word or phrase to be translated from pidgin to english and vice versa. English spoken in nigeria include the linguistic, ethnic. The christian missionaries who came from great britain introduced formal western education to nigeria, just before the middle of the 19 th century. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of africa. Over 100,000 english translations of spanish words and phrases. Prior to then, education was done informally, as children were taught tradition, culture, history, and the likes by their parents who were in turn taught by their own parents.
Pdf the functions of english in nigeria from the earliest times to. Nigeria is a country located in west africa with a coast on the gulf of guinea and the atlantic ocean. Stratification in wole soyinkas the beatification of area boy. Hausa was an official language of the northern states from 1951 to 1967. Pronunciation we define faulty analogy as the impulsive thinking by the vast majority of l2 users of english that if b is similar to a in a certain linguistic respect, then b can be treated exactly like a. In nigeria, english is the language of official communication. Pidgin is an englishbased creole language and nigerias real lingua franca.
However, nigerias most diverse feature is its people. Oct 14, 2019 english is the official language of nigeria, a former british protectorate. Its seven most populous cities each house more than one million people, and about one out of two west africans is from nigeria. English language is a worldwide language, and its the means of communication in over 30% of all countries in the world. English language is termed as nigeria second language, it is being used as a communication tool by everyone in the country. Jul 15, 2017 in nigeria, english is the language of official communication. Olasehinde 1994, views english as the instance, many of the english textbooks reveal that the window of the world to nigeria.
Nigeria can use to relate with one another that can be used to build the nation. Ironically, it is also nigerias dominant language, with the use of english being taught at various levels of the nigerian educational system prenursery schools, nursery schools, primary schools, secondary schools and tertiary institutions of learning. Nigeria is a land of rich cultures, stunning artistic achievement and industrious and resourceful people. The benefits of the english language for individuals and societies. Additionally, loanwords and collocations have emerged from the native languages of nigeria, which come from the need to express concepts specific to the culture of.
List of books for nurseryprimary schools in nigeria primary 1 subject textbooksmaterials publishers authors eng. Here, lets discuss the problems facing learners of english in nigeria. List of recommended books for nurseryprimary school in nigeria. English is the official language in nigeria was made so to unite the country linguistically and culturally. English translation of nigeria the official collins spanishenglish dictionary online. Speaking pidgin transforms them from visiting foreigner into one of the hundreds of wellintegrated expatriates in lagos, nigeria s commercial capital. The identification of standard nigerian english usage by oko okoro, phd associate professor department of english university of lagos, nigeria tel.
English department dissertations collection english. This contribution shows that today the internet in nigeria is such a powerful resource of knowledge construction and dissemination that applied linguists can use it for their purposes. The importance of english in nigeria obviously goes beyond the boundary of academic, administrative, political, commercial, and religious communication alone. It has a population of 188,500,000, more than any other country in africa. Egbe literary influence of some authors on nigerian english olapade ajeigbe. English grammar pdf and word doc learning basic english. It can be traced to british english although it has also largely been influenced by american english. The functions of english in nigeria from the earliest times to the present day article pdf available in english today 2502. Although its land mass is less than 7 per cent of the total area of the african continent, most scholars concur that about 20 per cent of africas more than 2,000 languages are spoken in nigeria. English consonants and vowels and by the rhythm of their speech. Known for its extreme linguistic diversity elugbe 1994, nigeria is home to languages numbering about 400. Perspectives for english language teaching in nigeria in the. Consequently, this paper sought to highlight the roles the english language performs in the building of the nigerian nation.
Hundreds of languages are spoken in the country, including yoruba, igbo, fula, hausa, edo, ibibio, tiv, and english. Apr 05, 2016 here is the full list of recommended books for nurseryprimary school in nigeria. The recognition by linguists, particularly british linguists with firthian ideas, that a language is. English language is the interconnecting language amongst nigerians from different geopolitical zones and different ethnicities. The english language is the official language in nigeria.
Pdf the identification of standard nigerian english usage oko. Download citation ris format text format endnote format publication id fr359. A second language is one that comes after ones primary language. Pdf the article deals with the features of the territorial version of the english language of nigeria. English might be the official language, but in a country with well over 250 other local languages, pidgin was developed to aid communication among people from different parts of the country. Pdf an appraisal of spoken english language in nigeria taiwo. English, french, arabic, german and russian also exist. Theres a certain intimacy that this form of broken english emits. English translation of nigeria collins italianenglish. The spectrum of english in nigeria ranges from standard english through a more general english whose structures are.
English language dominance and the fate of indigenous. English colonial policy and the economy of nigeria been suffering increasingly from competition with lowpriced textile exports from japan. Pdf the use of the english language in nigeria dates back to the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century when british merchants and christian. It is the most widely spoken language, although english is the official language of nigeria. I hope my book, another mans war, will shatter some of the prejudices around nigeria, and. Ironically, it is also nigerias dominant language, with the use of english being taught at various levels of the nigerian educational system prenursery schools, nurser. Others have serious difficulties in learning and speaking the language. Neighboring countries include benin, cameroon, chad, and niger. Economists in nigeria believe that english is crucial for economic growth, as it helps them trade more widely on an international scale. Other than the local african dialects, it is the most common language spoken in that country. It can also be said to be a devolved form of nigerian pidgin.
The causes of poor performance in english language among. Qualitative data was obtained by administering pre and posttests gauging oral reading fluency, english learning achievement, english selfefficacy, english learning anxiety, and english learning motivation as well as collecting interview data to gain a deeper. Over 100,000 english translations of italian words and phrases. Pronunciation we define faulty analogy as the impulsive thinking by the vast majority of l2 users of english that if b is similar to a in a certain linguistic respect, then b can be treated exactly like a in that respect on account of this. English language scheme of work for jss 1st, 2nd, 3rd. How to download jss english language scheme of work pdf in nigeria. Varieties of english language in nigeria iosr journal. The absence of a lingua franca, and the lack of mutual intelligibility of most of the indigenous languages, has given room for the english language to become nurtured, robust and hegemonic. It is important to note that, english language goes as far as to the.
To get the jss junior secondary school english language scheme of work for all term in pdf format, call or whatsapp me on 080511885 on how to obtain your copy. Hence, english nigeria has come to brigde the gap between our mother tongue and the queens language through extensive teaching and practical tips on. The subject matter of this research work is to examine the effect of nigerian pidgin english on the academic performance among national open university of nigeria students in benin study centre. Quantitative indicators from cameroon, nigeria, rwanda, bangladesh and pakistan the findings of this study were developed through primary source interviews across a wide cross section of private and public sector subjects. The most comprehensive sources for nigerian english prior to this are jowitt 1991 and igboanusi 2002. Nigerian english is a pidgin spoken across nigeria.
We operate a predatory, neocolonial capitalist system, which is founded on fraud and exploitation, and therefore, you are. Economically, english language is the avenue to sustainable development in nigeria. Writing, technology, and the emerging logics of the public sphere, dan ehrenfeld, english. English in the nigerian school systempast, present and future. In addition to english, hausa, yoruba, igbo, fula, and english creole are widely spoken. Jan 17, 2019 brief history of english language in nigeria. Nigerian english is a dialect of english spoken in nigeria. After the british government assumed direct control of the royal niger companys territories, the northern areas were renamed the protectorate of northern nigeria, and the land in the niger delta and along the lower reaches of the river was added to the niger coast protectorate, which was renamed the protectorate of southern nigeria. The benefits of the english language for individuals and. The english language and sustainable development in nigeria.212 993 976 1374 182 1293 1185 1255 698 308 1142 1468 1622 1653 640 929 1321 1490 878 917 1400 127 748 1407 807 425 1418 1221 190 534 457 228 1486 1101 1167 1275 78 751 1164 330 818 1149 142 659 1000 483